The most ancient district of Rome was given its name because formerly it included the hills Esquilino and Viminale, and the part of Quirinale and Celio hills. There are examples of different architectural styles (Roman, Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, etc.) that were popular during 2500 years of history
The present-day appearance of Rione Monti features narrow hilly roads, high buildings of various eras with plaster worn out by time and blackened by smog, in which the craftshops, nightclubs and art galleries live side by side amicably. The name “Suburra” means “inhabited area under the city”, and it is exactly the impression you get going down the Piazza della Suburra from the stairs in Via Cavour (near the underground line B), or climbing up to the church San Pietro in Vincoli by scale Salita Dei Borgia, or descending from Via Nazionale to Via dei Serpenti or Via del Boschetto).
Considering all these descents and ascents, it is recommended to visit Rione Monti during a walk through the city, besides it allows you to investigate closer one of the most fascinating areas of the city and its numerous places of interest, ranging from the Colosseum to the Ludus Magnus – the largest of the gladiatorial schools in Rome, the baths of Trajan, the forums of the emperors Augustus, Nero and Trajan, along with the adjacent Markets, sections of the Servian and Aurelian walls, the baths of Tito, the remains of Claudio aqueduct, the church San Pietro in Vincoli with Michelangelo’s Moses, Santa Francesca Romana, the Pontifical Palace, the Egyptian Obelisk, the chapel Santa Sanctorum, the Scala Santa (“Holy Stairs”), the basilica of S. Giovanni in Laterano, the church of S. Clemente, S. Martino ai Monti, the Basilica of S. Maria Maggiore, the monuments of medieval architecture, such as the Triclinio Leoniano (Triclinium of Pope Leo III), the Lateran Baptistery, S. Stefano Rotondo, the tower of the Counts, the house of the Knights of Rhodes, S. Prassede, the towers of the Capocci and some masterpieces of the Roman baroque such as the churches of S. Andrea al Quirinale and of S. Carlino alle Quattro Fontane.